George PLANTAGENET, Kg, Kb, Duke Of Clarence[1, 2]

Male 1449 - 1478  (28 years)


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  • Name George PLANTAGENET  [3, 4
    Suffix Kg, Kb, Duke Of Clarence 
    Born 21 Oct 1449  Dublin Castle, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Name 12th\1St Earl Of SALISBURY  [5
    Name 17th\1St Earl Of WARWICK  [6
    Name 3rd Duke Of CLARENCE 
    Died 18 Feb 1477-1478  Tower Of London, Middlesex, England (Drowned In Butt Of Malmsey Wine) Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Buried Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I13426  Carney Genealogy
    Last Modified 5 Jan 2006 

    Married Bef 18 Oct 1424  Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [7, 8
    Family ID F13104  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Isabel NEVILLE,   b. 5 Sep 1451, Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Dec 1476, Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 25 years) 
    Married 11 Jul 1469  Calais, Pas-DE-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Children 
     1. Margaret PLANTAGENET, Countess Of Salisbury,   b. Aug 1473, Farley Castle, Bath, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 May 1541, Tower Of London, Middlesex, England (Beheaded) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 67 years)
     2. Edward PLANTAGENET, Earl Of Warwick,   b. Between 21 and 25 Feb 1474, Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Nov 1499, Tower Hill, London, Middlesex, England (Beheaded) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 147 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2016 
    Family ID F6855  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • George Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence, KG (b. 21 Oct 1449; initially joined his father-in-law Warwick ["The Kingmaker"] in the attempt to restore Henry VI and depose his brother Edward IV but deserted the former for the latter at the Battle of Barnet and helped defeat Warwick; created 25 March 1471/2 Earl of Warwick and Earl of Salisbury as a consequence of his marriage; found guilty of high treason and attainted 8 Feb 1477/8, whereupon all his titles were forfeited, and then executed by being drowned in a butt of malmsey wine in the Tower of London 18 Feb 1477/8), having had [Edward Plantagenet (the last legitimate male Plantagenet), 2nd/17th Earl of Warwick, executed (dsp) 28 Nov 1499 on orders of Henry VII; Margaret (the last Plantagenet to survive), beheaded 28 May 1541, m. Sir Richard Pole and had issue] with other issue (d. young). [Burke's Peerage]

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      EARLDOM of SALISBURY (XII, 1) 1472 to 1478

      EARLDOM of WARWICK (XVII, 1) 1472 to 1478

      DUKEDOM of CLARENCE (III) 1461 to 1478

      George Plantagenet, 6th but 3rd surviving son of Richard, Duke of York, by Cicely, daughter of Ralph Nevill, Earl of Westmorland, was b. 21 Oct 1449 in Dublin Castle, and baptized in the Church of St. Saviour. Nominated KG 1461. On 28 Jun 1461 he was created DUKE OF CLARENCE, KB 27 Jun 1472. For the better support of his new dignities, the King, by letters patent, 20 Sep 1462, granted to him, "com. honorem et dnium nrm. Richmondie que quidem com. honorem et dnium Edmundus Hadham nup. comes Richemondie nup, h'uit et tenuit." (b) He joined his father-in-law, the Earl of Warwick and Salisbury, in the rebellion against the King (his brother) in favour of the deposed King, Henry VI, but, changing sides, assisted in King Edward's victory at Barnet, 14 Apr 1471. In this battle his wife's father was slain, whereupon he, "in consideration of that his marriage," was, by separate patents, each dated 25 Mar 1471/2, created EARL OF WARWICK and EARL OF SALISBURY. On 20 May following he was made GREAT CHAMBERLAIN of England. He took part with the King in his expedition against France, 1474-75, and signed the treaty of peace, 13 Aug 1475.

      He m. 11 Jul 1469, at Calais, Isabel, 1st daughter and coheir presumptive of Richard Nevill, Earl of Warwick and Salisbury, by Anne, daughter of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. She, who was b. 5 Sep 1451 at Warwick Castle, d. there 22 Dec 1476, and was buried at Tewkesbury. He thereupon proposed to marry Mary, daughter of the Duke of Burgundy, a match which was much opposed by the Queen Consort. He was accused of high treason, found guilty, and attainted 8 Feb 1477/8, whereby all his honours became forfeited. He was executed in the Tower of London 18 Feb following (said to have been drowned in a butt of malmsey), and was buried at Tewkesbury, aged 28. [Complete Peerage III:260-1]

      (b) He appears to have henceforth styled himself (after his Peerage title) "Dominus de Richemond (ie. Lord of the Honour of Richmond) et magnus Camerarius Anglie." [Note: CP does not give him the title EARL OF RICHMOND, as Henry Tudor is deemed to have held the title at this time.]

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      The following additional information was copied from Dave Utzinger, World Connect db=utzing:

      The king had Clarence arrested and taken to the Tower on the charge of 'committing acts violating the laws of the realm and threatening the security of judges and jurors'. Then, the day after the marriage of Anne Mowbray and the Duke of York, Edward brought forward in parliament a bill of attainder against Clarence, charging him with a 'more unnatural and loathly treason than had been found at any time previously during the reign.'.... Edward declared that even after all the charges made, he could still forgive his brother, if he made due submission, but the Duke had shown himself incorrigible and the country was demanding his punishment. This royal bill, discussed in the lords, was assented to by the commons and on 7 February 1478 the Duke of Buckingham was appointed to pass sentence. Even after his condemnation to death, Clarence was not immediately executed, for Edward would not give the word, and the Speaker, William Alyngton, had to ask the lords that the sentence be carried out. Clarence was put to death in the Tower on 18 February, probably by being drowned in a bath. The story of his death in a 'barell of Malmsey wine' is given by (among others) the London Chronicler, but there is no means of checking its accuracy. (Note: This is he story that reached Philippe de Commmines. Jean Molinet says that Clarence was allowed to decide the manner of his death and made this choice. The report of Olivier de la Marche that Clarence was drowned 'en ung baine, comme l'on disoit' seems more probable. His body was buried beside that of his wife in Tewkesbury.

  • Sources 
    1. [S579] Jim Weber.

    2. [SAuth] Jim Carney, compiled by James H Carney [(E-ADDRESS), & MAILING ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE], Minyama, Queensland 4575 AUSTRALIA.

    3. [S12] Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999, 16 (Reliability: 3).

    4. [S63] Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000, III:260-1 (Reliability: 3).

    5. [S63] Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000, XI:399 (Reliability: 3).

    6. [S63] Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000, XII/2:394 (Reliability: 3).

    7. [S25] Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999, 161-19 (Reliability: 3).

    8. [S63] Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000, XII/2:908-9 (Reliability: 3).